Silk on Stink Bug Eggs, Part 2

In my last post I wrote about a little wasp in Mexico that apparently spins silk over stink bug eggs after it inserts its own eggs inside them. Several people had told me confidently that it was a pteromalid, so I went with that. However, shortly after I published my post, Henry Hespenheide wrote:

I think the parasitoid is a eurytomid.  Note the very large pronotum which is characteristic of the family.  And a number of the genera have the wings infuscated like the ones you show.  One of the subfamilies, Rileyinae, are egg parasitoids.

To be honest, I had thought it looked like a eurytomid too, but “it kinda looks like a eurytomid” is about as sophisticated as I get in identifying micro-wasps before appealing to someone else for help. What I was seeing, besides the general shape, was that it was rough-textured and black, just like most of the eurytomids I’ve reared from galls. For instance the one below, which came from a goldenrod rosette gall made by a fruit fly (Tephritidae: Procecidochares):

IMG_4806 That one had been having trouble getting the antenna portion of its pupal skin off, but had just succeeded in removing the right “sleeve” when I took that photo.

Anyway, I guess the fact that I had only ever encountered eurytomids as gall parasitoids had kept me from considering that this stink bug egg wasp might be one. But as pointed out here, eurytomids have a wide variety of habits, and many even have vegetarian larvae that develop in seeds or stems. In fact, here is one I found in my yard this spring, a member of the genus Tetramesa, whose larvae are known as “jointworms” and cause galls in grass stems.

IMG_4798

I only just learned that a few weeks ago, but my brain is so full of leafminers right now that everything else gets pushed out. Speaking of which, some eurytomids in the Neotropical genus Aximopsis are parasitoids of leaf-mining beetles (Buprestidae).

Anyway, I followed Henry’s advice and showed my last post to Mike Gates, the eurytomid specialist at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Mike confirmed that the wasp in Cheryl’s photos and videos is a eurytomid in the genus Neorileya, and said he would be interested in seeing specimens. He has never heard of Neorileya producing silk, and is interested in more concrete proof that this wasp was actually responsible for the silk, since we can’t actually see the wasp laying down silk in the videos, nor was Cheryl able to see silk coming out of the tiny wasp.

To me, the fact that Cheryl photographed the wasp on the egg mass over a period of several days, during which the silk covering gradually increased, is pretty convincing. There’s also this: right after I published my last post, Kelly, who had sent the photo of the original silk-covered egg cluster from Brazil, wrote to tell me that she had found another silk-covered stink bug egg cluster with a similar wasp on it:

SAM_1460

Unfortunately the wasp flew away after she took several pictures, but she collected the egg mass and will save anything that emerges from it. Stay tuned…

Edit: Kelly just found another photo of a similar wasp taken in Brazil, here. As with Kelly’s photo above, the silk is in bands that stitch the eggs together, rather than covering them in a web as in Cheryl’s example from Mexico.

The photographer, Bruno Garcia, gave me permission to use his photo here, but if you want to see a larger version you can click the above link.

Eurytomidae-001

About Charley Eiseman

I am a freelance naturalist, endlessly fascinated by the interconnections of all the living and nonliving things around me. I am the lead author of Tracks & Sign of Insects and Other Invertebrates (Stackpole Books, 2010), and continue to collect photographs and information on this subject. These days I am especially drawn to galls, leaf mines, and other plant-insect interactions.
This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

4 Responses to Silk on Stink Bug Eggs, Part 2

  1. Win Rogers says:

    Thank you for another thought provoking exploration. So many ‘what ifs’.

  2. invertebratedude says:

    Oooh, hopefully she can rear some successfully, I would love to see what the larva look like! 🙂 Great post!

  3. Anonymous says:

    Charley, you mentioned a goldenrod rosette gall. I have images of some from Maine from last summer, which I will post to BugGuide.

  4. jenny says:

    I LOVE watching this drama unfold! I/we all appreciate your tenacity, Charley!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s